The alcohol is self-generated and acts as a preservative. The prepared decoction Kashaya is then strained and kept in a safe place in the fermentation vessel, pot, or barrel. Jaggery gud , sugar or honey, according to the formula, is separately dissolved, boiled, filtered and added in the fermentation vessel where decoction is kept. Mentioned Prakshepa Dravyas are made into fine powder and added to that vessel. The mouth of the vessel is completely covered with an earthen lid.
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General method of preparation of Arishta Usually in Arishta manufacturing, like Ashwagandharishtam , First Kashaya is prepared by boiling herbs in water and filtered. Mixed well and then filtered again. To this, fermenting agent — Dhataki flower Woodfordia fruticosa or Madhuka flower Madhuca indica is added.
To this, Prakshepa Dravya — certain spices like pepper, long pepper, clove, cinnamon etc are added. It is kept for fermentation for 15 — 45 days, as per the specific formula. While the natural alcohol production takes place, the water soluble active principles in the Kashaya and the spices get dissolved in the alcohol medium. After the said period, it is taken out of the vessel and stored in bottles for dispensing. In many cases, remnant portion of previous arishta is used as the seed to induce fermentation.
Also acts as cardiac tonic. Manufacturing of Asava Usually, herbs are mixed with required amount of water. This is taken in place of Kashaya here, kashaya is not prepared, but there are a few exceptions. Rest of the procedure is same as above. Hence it is quite safe to use in therapeutics. Without any hesitation, since years, these medicines are used in Ayurvedic treatments.
Dose of Asava and Arishta Whenever safety of a medicine is discussed, it is always in relation with the dose. Hence administration in proper dosage is very essential. Classical dose of Asava and Arishta are — 48 — 96 ml. Approximately 50 — ml, in divided dose, per day. In very weak patients, it can be diluted with equal amount of water, before administration.
Safety in children Safety of usage of Asavam and Arishtam in Children — In proper dose, if the disease requires it, then these medicines can be used even in an year old kid. For kids of 5 — 6 years, dose is 10 ml, with dilution So, with proper judgement and in proper dose, even Asava and Arishta medicines can be used in children.
Side effects in children Probable side effects of Asava and Arishta in children — Children are very tender, many of the organs are not fully organised and functional to its full strength. Hence, in some individuals, usage of these type of Ayurvedic medicine might cause some irritation and side effects. Hence in children, it is best to give a test dose first. After confirming absence of any side effects, medicines can be continued.
Apart from consideration of dose, strength of medicine should also be considered before prescribing. For example, Kutajarishta , used in treating diarrhea associated with fever, may cause constipation in some children.
Advantages Advantanges of Asava and Arishta medicines — A. Shelf life — — Shelf life of Asava and Arishta is up to 10 years. The potency increases with age. But it is not true.
Potency is retained at maximum levels, till a long period of time. Avalehas herbal jams like chyawanaprash are also equally good to taste. But dose fixation is quite difficult in case of Avalehas, compared with Asava and Arishta.
Such as spoilage may happen in case of Kashaya water decoction , Churna herbal powders etc. Disadvantages Disadvantages of Asava and Arishta — In children, we cannot use it in higher dose and much precautions are required. Some women patients might not like these medicines because of alcohol content.
Especially, in menopausal age, with use of Asava and Arishta, some women may feel increase in hot flushes, perspiration, Some elder patients may also feel increased warmth in the body, gastric irritation, hair fall, constipation etc. Manufacturing precautions to be taken Some use yeast to induce fermentation and some use steel or plastic containers as fermentation vessel.
This is not as per Ayurvedic principle. The method of preparation, purpose are quite different. With Asava and Arishta — they are prepared with many herbal ingredients, some of them are used for preparing kashaya and some are used as Prakshepa spices , which act as bio-enhancers.
Unlike in wine preparation, here, fermentation initiators like yeast, or fermentation inhibitors added at the end , are not used in Asava and Arishtas. The spices added themselves act as fermentation moderators.
So, commercial alcohol preparations cannot be compared with Asava and Arishta. Can different Asava and arishta be mixed together and used? Answer by Dr. Hebbar : If it is just 1 — 2 products, then they can be mixed, just before consumption. Can Asava and Arishta be cooked along with food?
These are strong Ayurvedic medicines and mixing them with food is not a good idea. Is Arishta medicines contra indicated in Kidney disorders? In fact, many Arishtas like Punarnavadyarishta are used in treating kidney disorders. Can diabetic patients take Asava or Arishta? These liquids contain some amount of carbohydrates in it. This decision largely depends on the prescribing doctor. Can other Ayurvedic medicines be taken along with Asava or Arishta? Is it a good idea to mix Kashaya and Aristha just before taking?
It is not ideal to mix Kashaya medicines with Arishta before taking. Share this article with your friends.
Asava Arishta – Characteristics and Method of Preparation
Pinterest Arishta and Asava are Ayurvedic preparations that are made by soaking the herbs in their powder form or as a decoction in a sugar or jaggery solution for a certain period. The decoction prepared in this manner is called Kashaya. Later, the soaked herbs are allowed to ferment so that alcohol is generated and the active ingredients present in the herbs are extracted. Asava and Arishta provide the advantage of having a better shelf life compared to the other Ayurvedic medicine forms such as tablets and capsules. The alcohol generated in this manner can also be used as a preservative.
Asava and Arishta – Ayurvedic Fermented Formulations