BLOCK PERIODIZATION VLADIMIR ISSURIN PDF

Tests for basic abilities. Accoding to the level of the athlete it means world championships, Olympics, National championships, national junior championships etc. The next step is the dividing of the annual cycle into training stages, where each one contains a consecutive combination of extensive work on basic abilities, more intensive work on sport-specific abilities and the reduction that is accomplished by testing or competition. From the general point of view these training stages look like miniature annual cycles by including a block resembling the preparatory period, a block resembling the competitive period and ends with tapering. Based on above mentioned considerations, the annual cycle design can be presented as the sequence of the training blocks, where similar aims can be presented as the sequence of more or less autonomous stages, where similar aims can be obtained by means of a partially renewed and qualitatively improved training program Issurin,

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Tests for basic abilities. Accoding to the level of the athlete it means world championships, Olympics, National championships, national junior championships etc. The next step is the dividing of the annual cycle into training stages, where each one contains a consecutive combination of extensive work on basic abilities, more intensive work on sport-specific abilities and the reduction that is accomplished by testing or competition. From the general point of view these training stages look like miniature annual cycles by including a block resembling the preparatory period, a block resembling the competitive period and ends with tapering.

Based on above mentioned considerations, the annual cycle design can be presented as the sequence of the training blocks, where similar aims can be presented as the sequence of more or less autonomous stages, where similar aims can be obtained by means of a partially renewed and qualitatively improved training program Issurin, It should be very important to end the realization phase with some kind of competition to have information about the effect of the training cycle and to monitor the performance.

In case the competition is not possible, it should be substituted with a testing battery, specific for the aims of the training cycle. For example, if the training cycle was targeted to development of maximal power, the testing batery should include maximal power testing. References Issurin, V. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 65— Issurin, V. Sports Med, —

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Block periodization versus traditional training theory: A review

Block periodization versus traditional training theory: a review The basis of contemporary training theory were founded a few decades ago when knowledge was far from complete and workload levels, athletic results and demands were much lower than now. Traditional training periodization, i. Further sport progress empha- sized the limitations and drawbacks of traditional periodization with regard to the preparation of contemporary top-level athletes and their demands. Major contradictions between traditional theory and practice needs appeared as 1 an inability to provide multi peak performances during the season; 2 the drawbacks of long lasting mixed training programs; 3 negative interactions of non-compatible workloads that induced conflicting training responses; and 4 insufficient training stimuli to help highly qua- lified athletes to progress, as a result of mixed training. The trials and successful experiences of prominent coaches and researchers led to alternative training concepts and, ultimately, to a reformed training approach that was called block periodization BP. Its general idea suggests the use and sequencing of specialized mesocy- cle-blocks, where highly concentrated training workloads are focused on a minimal number of motor and technical abilities. Unlike traditional periodization, which usually tries to develop many abilities simultaneously, the block concept suggests conse- cutive training stimulation of carefully selected fitness compo- nents.

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