Goltisho This phenomenon is found in all cell types, however, the one occurring in neurons is especially interesting for this presentation. In historical aspect it seems that the concept of thanatos on the cellular level represents the fundamental theoretical hypothesis anticipating the existence of the programmed cellular death. But I feel like the evidence for Thanatos existing is overwhelming, if only in anecdotal ways. The desire of death and fear from death, with the possibility of symbolic survival, are later and more diversified experiences than the primordial fear from annihilation and the related horror. Eros concept The second law of thermodynamics formulates the direction of all processes in nature. The object of death instinct is the subject itself.

Author:Aragami Malalkree
Language:English (Spanish)
Published (Last):13 June 2015
PDF File Size:13.29 Mb
ePub File Size:1.41 Mb
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]

He initially described a class of drives known as the life instincts and believed that these drives were responsible for much of our behavior.

Eventually, he came to believe that life instincts alone could not explain all human behavior. Illustration by JR Bee, Verywell Life Instincts Eros Sometimes referred to as sexual instincts, the life instincts are those which deal with basic survival, pleasure, and reproduction. These instincts are essential for sustaining the life of the individual as well as the continuation of the species. The energy created by the life instincts is known as libido.

In this later views, he maintained that life instincts were opposed by the self-destructive death instincts, known as Thanatos. This drive compels people to engage in actions that sustain their own lives, such as looking after their health and safety.

It also exerts itself through sexual drives, motivating people to create and nurture new life. Positive emotions such as love, affection, prosocial actions, and social cooperation are also associated with the life instincts. These behaviors support both individual well-being and the harmonious existence of a cooperative and healthy society. Sometimes these instincts towards destruction can be directed inwards, however, which can result in self-harm or suicide. If you or a loved one are in immediate danger, call In support of his theory, Freud noted that people who experience a traumatic event would often reenact that experience.

From this, he concluded that people hold an unconscious desire to die but that the life instincts largely temper this wish. Moreover, when this energy is directed outward toward others, Freud maintained, it is expressed as aggression and violence. The life instincts might compel you to seek healthy relationships and social support, which are essential for emotional health.

Destructive tendencies, on the other hand, might lead you to engage in actions that are less healthy, such as behaving aggressively or engaging in risky actions. Once you are able to recognize some of these tendencies in yourself, you might be better able to temper these drives and replace negative behaviors with more positive choices.

Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. There was an error. Please try again. What are your concerns?


FREUD, SIGMUND (1856-1939)



Freud's Theories of Life and Death Instincts


Related Articles