Additionally, physicalists believe that everything in the world can be explained through the laws of fundamental physics. The philosopher Frank Jackson has an objection towards functionalism and theory of the mind as a whole. While Jackson no longer endorses it, it is still regarded as one of the most important arguments in the philosophy of mind. Physicalism is the metaphysical thesis that, basically, everything in this world-including cars, humans, animals, research papers, even our sensations-are ultimately physical. Most cases, the opinion or result from this analysis will differentiate among certain people based on the way they recognize and interpret this behaviour.
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Similarly, if you knew everything about X, and then learned something new, then there must be more to the world than X… The Short Excerpt Below was drawn from the Full Answer Posted here.
It is derived from the idea that someone with total physical knowledge regarding another conscious individual might still lack knowledge regarding how it feels to have the knowledge of that individual.
In his argument, Mary is aware of everything that can be described in physical terms concerning the physical procedures that are pertinent to color vision.
However, Mary has never experienced other colors apart from black, white, and grey. It appears that Mary has total physical understanding, although she does not possess absolute phenomenal awareness. Specifically, she is not aware of how it feels like to see the red color. According to Jackson, Mary understands all the physical details, but she is not familiar with all the facts. Initially, when Mary sees red, she acquires a new fact regarding how it feels to see red. Therefore there are facts on top of the physical facts, and materialism is not true.
Mary obtains knowledge regarding the qualitative features that experiences possess. Therefore, before being treated, there were some facts that Mary did not possess. This detail was not captured by the physical information concerning those other people, and hence, it is a non-physical fact.
Similarly, if you knew everything about X, and then learned something new, then there must be more to the world than X
Qualia: The Knowledge Argument
Jackson quotes are from "Epiphenomenal Qualia. The word "qualia" is the plural of the word "quale" pronounced KWA-lay. A quale is a "raw feel". Examples of qualia include "the hurtfulness of pains, the itchiness of itches, pangs of jealousy" and the taste of pineapple, the smell of a rose, etc.
Analysis Of ' Epiphenomenal Qualia ' By Frank Jackson
Related Entries 1. History of the Underlying Ideas The Knowledge Argument became the subject of intense philosophical discussion following its canonical formulation by Frank Jackson However, there are numerous precursors of this argument in the literature. These thought-experiments typically involve a being who has complete knowledge of the physical information or physical facts concerning certain experiences, but who it is claimed lacks knowledge of what those experiences are like. Dunne
Frank Cameron Jackson
Jackson’s argument on Physicalism in “Epiphenomenal Qualia” by Frank Jackson