Universal sovereignty, enjoyment of pleasures , independence, distinguished distinction as a king, the fulfilment of the highest desires, the position of a king, of a great king, and supreme mastership, that he might cross with his arms the universe, and become the ruler of the whole earth during all his life, which may last for an infinitely long time, that he might be the sole king of the earth up to its shores bordering on the ocean. Context for Hymn 3 is provided by the portion [ What Rishis performed it, and for what Kings they performed it. The oath which the King must take before the priest performs the ceremony. But before doing so, the priest must make the king take the following oath: "Whatever pious works thou mightest have done during the time which may elapse from the day of thy birth to the day of thy death, all together with thy position, thy good deeds, thy life, thy children, I would wrest from thee, shouldest thou do me any harm.

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Pushpanjali is the combination of two words, Pushpam and Anjali. In Sanskrit, Pushpam means flower and Anjali means offering with folded hands. Hence Pushpanjali means offering of flowers with folded hands. The Pushpanjali is offered on all days during Durga Puja. However, the day of Durga Ashtami is considered the most auspicious and significant to offer Anjali to Goddess Durga. Most Bengalis make sure that they offer Anjali at least once on the day of Durga Ashtami if not on all other days.

Many devotees keep the day long fast during Puja days and break it after giving Pushpanjali to Maa Durga in the evening. The day long fast is broken by taking Bhog after evening Aarti and Pushpanjali. Similar to other rituals during Durga Puja, Pushpanjali is a community event which is arranged in various Pandals and temples.

Devotees are requested to bring fresh flowers for the ritual of Pushpanjali. During Pushpanjali, a Bengali Brahmin priest chants Pushpanjali Mantra and those who gather to give Anjali repeats the Mantra along with the priest. The fresh flowers and optionally Bel Patra are hold in Anjali and are thrown to the feet of the Goddess Durga after reciting the Mantra.

Pushpanjali is repeated three times continuously along with three separate Pushpanjali Mantra s. Maa Durga, salutation to thee! O consort of Shiva, fulfiller of all our goals! Our only refuge! O three-eyed Gauri! O Narayani! Our salutations to you. Meaning 2 - The power beyond all creation, preservation and destruction! O eternal one! O ground of the Gunas and embodiment of the Gunas! Meaning 3 - Ever devoted to the salvation of the lowly and suffering who seek shelter with you!

O destroyer of all misery! O Divine Mother! As per Bengali traditions, Anjali flowers should reach to the feet of the Goddess Durga and should not be thrown at other places. Devotees should be careful not to stamp on flowers as doing that might bring bad luck. Pushpanjali is also offered after Sandhi Puja which is even more significant than Pushpanjali on Durga Ashtami.

Devotees who offer Pushpanjali after Sandhi Puja are advised to keep a day long fast. Depending on the end time of Ashtami Tithi, Pushpanjali after Sandhi Puja might fall late in the night. Hence not all people prefer Pushpanjali after Sandhi Puja. Other links related to Durga Puja.


Pushpanjali during Durga Puja with Mantra



Mantra pushpam







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