REHARMONIZATION TECHNIQUES BERKLEE PDF

Originally published in Chapter 1 of Reharmonization Techniques by Randy Felts Reharmonization: Simple Substitution If reharmonizing a tune is like painting a car, then simple substitution is like choosing a different shade of the same color—going from blue to indigo, or rose to pink. Simple substitution involves replacing a chord with another that has similar harmonic function. It allows you to change the sound of a tune while still retaining much of its original color. In order to use simple substitution as a reharmonization technique, you must understand the division of the seven diatonic chords into three groups or families. Each of these chord families has a function.

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Originally published in Chapter 1 of Reharmonization Techniques by Randy Felts Reharmonization: Simple Substitution If reharmonizing a tune is like painting a car, then simple substitution is like choosing a different shade of the same color—going from blue to indigo, or rose to pink.

Simple substitution involves replacing a chord with another that has similar harmonic function. It allows you to change the sound of a tune while still retaining much of its original color. In order to use simple substitution as a reharmonization technique, you must understand the division of the seven diatonic chords into three groups or families. Each of these chord families has a function. Chords in this group tend to sound stable.

They have little sense of forward motion and are almost always found at the phrase endings of popular and standard tunes. Diatonic chords built on the first, third, and sixth degrees of a scale are the members of this group.

Tonic family T chords in the key of C Tonic chords share several common tones. The chords are considered restful because they do not contain the fourth degree of the scale, which is F in the key of C. The fourth degree of any major scale is known as a tendency tone—it tends to lead to the third degree of the scale when played over IMaj7. Subdominant Family Analysis Symbol: SD Chords in the subdominant family have a moderate tendency to move ahead within the musical phrase.

All chords in this family contain the restless fourth degree of the scale. Chords built on the second and fourth scale degrees make up this group. The V7sus4 is also included in this family, because it contains the fourth scale degree instead of the third. Using a suspended fourth instead of a third eliminates the tritone that gives a dominant family chord its characteristic sound. The tritone function is described below.

Subdominant family SD chords in the key of C Dominant Family Analysis Symbol: D Chords in the dominant family sound unresolved and have a strong tendency toward resolution.

Dominant chords almost always precede phrase endings in popular and standard tunes. The V7sus4 chord has a dominant function when it resolves directly to IMaj7, even though it lacks the tritone interval.

They also contain both the fourth and seventh scale degrees. The intervallic distance between these two notes is called a tritone, also known as an augmented fourth. Dominant family chords often resolve to a chord in the tonic family. C7 chord with its tritone interval How Simple Substitution Works The following examples explore how simple substitution works. A basic model Below, simple substitution modifies the model.

Note that the chord function is kept the same in each measure. Look closely at the musical example to: Verify the functional analysis of each chord in the original phrase. Observe the substitution of other chords that have a similar function in the key. Simple substitution modifies the basic model Fig. Subscribe now for updates from the world leader in music education. Thank you! You will soon receive the Take Note digest, a monthly roundup of the most exciting musical techniques, trends, and tips from Berklee Online.

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Reharmonization Techniques

Shakalrajas Many composers gain their lives doing this. The well conceived drills will clamp these harmonic techniques firmly to every student, and the many musical reharmonizatipn put together the musical jigsaw. Berklee Contemporary Music Notation. Get the Berklee Press Catalog! For example, you could want to play a famous hit, but with another version, to show personality from your own. A first idea that we could have to this song it would add the seventh in each one of the chords, making tetrads instead of triads. Here are some guidelines to basic reharmonization for more movement: The Jazz Theory Book.

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Reharmonization: Simple Substitution

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